What is Neuro Surgery?

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What is neuro surgery and work

Neurosurgery is a branch of medicine that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of patients with disorders of the brain, spine and nervous system. neurosurgeon use a variety of techniques open surgery, radiosurgery and endoscopy to treat conditons ranging from brain tumors and epilepsy to spinal fracture and vascular malfanctions. depending on the patient’s conditions, the neurosurgeon may use a combination of medical and surgical treatments.

What is neurosurgeon?

A neurosurgeon is a medical specialist who specialises in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the brain, spine and nervous system. Neurosurgeons are typically doctors who have completed medical school and have advanced training in neurosurgery, which includes in depth education in neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, and neuropathology.

Difference between neurologist and neurosurgeon

A neurologist is a medical doctor who diagnoses, treats, and manages conditions affecting your nervous system (brain, spinal cord, and nerves).  A neurologist does not perform surgery. A neurosurgeon diagnoses and treats conditions of the nervous system through both surgical and nonsurgical therapies.

If you have a medical condition or injury that affects your nervous system, you may see a neurologist for evaluation and diagnosis.  If your neurologist feels that your condition requires or may benefit from surgery, you will refer to a neurosurgeon for further medical advice and surgical treatment.

What does a neurosurgeon do?

A neurosurgeon assesses, diagnoses, and treats conditions affecting your body’s nervous system, which includes the brain, spinal cord, and all nerves that extend from the spinal cord. While neurosurgeons can perform complex surgery in the spine and brain, they often suggest nonsurgical or conservative care first.  For example, if you have chronic back pain, your neurosurgeon may first recommend anti-inflammatory medications and/or physical therapy.  If your pain doesn’t respond to these treatments, your neurosurgeon may recommend surgery, if possible.

A neurosurgeon is skilled in several surgical and procedure techniques, including:

  • Open surgery
  • Minimally invasive surgery
  • Endoscopic surgery.
  • Microsurgery.
  • Radiosurgery.
  • Endovascular surgery.
  • Chronic pain
  • Intervention procedures

Neurosurgeons also have extensive training in the tests needed to diagnose and treat neurological conditions. 

for example…

  • CT (computed tomography) scans
  • MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scans
  • PET (positron emission tomography) scans
  • Magnetoencephalography (MEG).
  • Electroencephalograms (EEG).

What types of surgeries do neurosurgeons perform?

Neurosurgeons perform a variety of surgeries and procedures depending on the part of the nervous system or supporting tissues and structures that are affected.  

Types of brain surgery include:

  • Blood clot removal.
  • Aneurysm repair.
  • Tumour removal.
  • Brain bleed (haemorrhage) stoppage
  • Trauma repair.
  • Shunt insertion.

Types of peripheral nerve surgery include:

  • Carpal tunnel release.
  • Ulnar nerve release.
  • Vagus nerve stimulation.

Types of spine surgery include:

  • Stereotactic spine radiosurgery.
  • Diskectomy.
  • Laminectomy.
  • Spinal fusion
  • Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty.
  • Spine stabilization and reconstruction

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